The Industrial Metaverse, Digital Twins & More – Beyond the Narrative!

Much has been written about Metaverse over the last few months. So called the “New Internet” or the “New Application Experience” has become a part of our extended lexicon more that what we may want, but, the truth is, there many more hurdles before it becomes an indispensable part of our daily life, like mobile apps and websites. Perhaps that is why Gartner marked it a good 10 years away from becoming part of our behaviours.

From a component architecture perspective, there are a lot more moving parts to this stack. Yet there is one specific aspect of this new concept that deserves attention – The Industrial Metaverse. This is spoken in conjunction with IIoT, Industry 4.0 and 5.0 with much fervor.

Just like me, you may wonder, we always had digital twins and what is the new angle here! Let us understand a few things before we peel the architectural onion of Industrial Metaverse.

Everyone has been talking about – “let us build a Digital Twin” quite synonymous with metaverse and plain simple 3D model visualization of machines and plants, which is half the truth. A good looking, interactive 3D model or an ability to show some data on top of 3D models or a simulator with 3D models attached is not a Digital Twin! At least, I don’t subscribe to that definition.

How do I see the Industrial Metaverse forming? - From an evolution of Virtual models and OT technology solutions.

Product Engineering teams always had high resolution, detailed 3D models of various formats, with companies like Dassault systems giving good workbenches to import, build and simulate pre-created scenarios in order to test faults on these machines – Virtual Twins. These concepts started moving further into plants and processes with the question – why are we not using these models to monitor actual plants and their operations. But then they were siloed with singular models from the vendor platforms whereas the processes definitely sat outside of those platforms in the plant ecosystem. They had sophisticated simulators but then they were not a software representation of the actual plants, assets and processes. Also, it didn’t work hand in hand with other vendor machines and their simulators. Most importantly, real data could never stream into these workbenches.

On the other side, manufacturing execution platforms and hyperscaler platforms like Azure and AWS were wondering about helping factories and plants with real time representation of their shop floor data, securely, at scale – to model assets & process, to predict events, to prevent the scenarios using Industrial Platforms. They were expanding their plant or cloud knowledge moving from OT to IT, or IT to OT.

Value chains were getting extended. Both of them were searching for a / set of software services to bridge this chasm of real time data and process handshake, each partnering or building full stack solutions.

Note: All the while, manufacturing plants were looking for value and not expensive technologies!

Let us call the middle region as Digital Twin – a software representation of the assets, processes, and behaviours that memoise the system, contextualize data inside the system, and raise events based on the connected behaviour of system workflows, like a point in time. I often call this as the working memory of the system with a limited playback capability. This crucial component adds to the real time nature of the system in between.

This Digital Twin is the secret sauce to having a good Virtual Twin on the top and a low latency (autonomous or condition based) control feedback to Industrial Platform below.

Paraphrasing one of the Siemens executive’s statement (will be attributed once I figure out the details)

Consumer metaverse may not need real time data but industrial metaverse needs real time data to succeed.

Hence, the platform in the middle with the bindings between the layers should bring the real time data view of the plant / factory / industry to the virtual world seamlessly (making the metaverse possible).

You could see from the earlier rough sketch that there are broadly 2 interfaces needed to make this happen. One that elevates the virtual twin experiences to make it closer to Metaverse experience continuum mentioned in the earlier blog of mine. And the next, of getting real time information from the OT / physical ecosystem within factory. These 2 are integral to changing the current status quo of plain 3D models with data to a metaverse application.

  1. The Visualization Interface for Metaverse Apps

Virtual Twin with the Digital Twin binding is what creates the entire universe of Metaverse Apps which are highly responsive, rendering of the plant that enables us to seamlessly access a particular machine in a plant and troubleshoot remotely. Definitely that needs infrastructure support like 5G and 6Gs but also some like of spatial software support for seamless collaboration and space sensing. The component architecture I can think of is Microsoft Mesh. I don’t want to repeat Microsoft documentation here.

I believe that the link above gives a very good idea of how that platform should evolve to give the seamless B2B2C experience that I was mentioning in my previous blog. It talks of the immersive presence, spatially anchored maps, rendering acceleration, multi user shared experiences, streaming data, security, an Out of the Box SDK that enables application layer acceleration with the data binding from the API layer below (digital twin layer).

I would like to add that, this experience should be as simple as listening to Microsoft Teams on mobile MS Teams App and transferring the call to a desktop MS Teams application with just a simple button click, without any latency. Also, in the context of Industrial Metaverse, this would be much easier to setup as you can have dedicated infrastructure like 5G, Active Directory based secure logins inside wearables, controlled devices, limited number of users simultaneously logging in and the like. This can ensure that we guarantee similar infrastructure at network, connectivity, device, security layers with ample governance like today’s internet and the devices used to access information from within a manufacturing facility.

2. The Data Interface for Industrial Data

With numerous firewalls and air-gapped networks from factory floor to internet, this was one is a tougher interface. Good news – This is almost a solved problem, thanks to many of the private and hybrid networks, high security interfaces, localized secure processing on purpose made hardware, limited data exposure, one way communication that avoid command and control interfaces etc. This limits the exposure of OT, at the same time gives as much data and processing needed, at speeds and latency acceptable to populate the Digital Twins in the cloud middleware. Also, the fact is that many of the hyperscalers have software runtimes and stack that start from the cloud and extend to the edge within OT. MES systems are upping the game with their stack starting from the Edge synchronizing to the cloud. This gives opportunity to run reactive, predictive and preventive workloads within Edge and cloud, with visualization and actions that can go back and forth Physical Space and Digital Twin.

With these 2 interfaces maturing, you can possibly have the Industrial Metaverse sooner than a Consumer Metaverse. May be it is already here.

There are a lot of innovative solutions from PTC, Azure, AWS, Siemens etc. their numerous partners and many Solution Integrators etc. showcased and deployed to clients. Many such light solutions, or wannabe Metaverse solutions are already PoC-ed or used at Industrial facilities, for example, check out this build session. towards the 20th minute. This detailed Microsoft blog (image below) with examples give the full stack view of their Industrial Metaverse. Here, the digital twin layer, abstracted in my blog, holds the Azure AI and autonomous systems, Synapse Analytics, Azure Digital Twins together to build the middle stack. Azure IoT is the Data Interface for factory, Microsoft Mesh is Visualization Interface for Metaverse Apps built on HoloLens like devices. Power Platform is part of the Digital Twin layer but the application interface called PowerApps is still in Metaverse. I am sure an expert on another stack will have something similar.

As per the case studies presented here, helping us build simple digital representations, virtual worlds, autonomous self correcting systems and more.

To summarize, I believe the Industrial Metaverse is already here in many forms, in its many light weight avatars.

Our joint effort should be directed towards creating the right experience continuum within the use cases, to create tangible and usable solutions for the end personas helping them – to remotely collaborate, to improve the first time fix rates ,to visualize the impact of predicted changes, to build muscle memory of operators and the like.

Disclaimer: Author works for Accenture and uses Microsoft services to architect and build Manufacturing platforms and Applications on top of it.

Media Images generated by DALL.E 2

Previous blog –


Moving from Met-averse to Metaverse Apps..!

Somewhere during the first half of 2017, our team was experimenting with Unity 3D based applications for Field Service maintenance scenarios. It brought together many technologies, some of which were in its nascency. Solution contained Mixed Reality application on HoloLens with a Digital Twin of a machine, AI to detect the machine, dynamic data rendering, contextual IoT data based on that machine, Skype calling with annotations, multiple people and multi device collaborations, action system to take in voice and gesture commands, integration with Microsoft D365 and warranty management on blockchain.

Quite over the top you may say. This was much before the Microsoft’s out of the box Field Services application like Remote Assist was released. And, my role was to ensure that we harmoniously blend the latest and greatest technologies to create a useful solution for Remote maintenance and field services.

Each of the technologies we had brought together to solve complex maintenance issues were independently interesting and collectively captivating. We went ahead, created a solution with some quirky nuances and applied for a patent during October of 2017.

It was an idea whose time had not come. It would later be called as “Metaverse“!

American author Neal Stephenson in his 1992 science fiction novel Snow Crash first called the concept in which humans interact with each other in a virtual reality based world, the next internet aka “metaverse”.

We understood that it is one thing to do a PoC and thought leadership exercise but totally different ball game to bring so many technology mashups without confusing the user and having real life adoption.

So what was that we built vs what are we talking about now!

For that, I guess you would need to recall the narrative we had about Internet of things a few years back. We always had sensors at home and industries, various protocols, ability to issue commands, programmable devices etc. What was so different about Internet of Things anyway? The common explanation was, it was the maturity of those new and independent technologies to interoperate, collect, ingest, make sense, predict, prevent, act, through edge and cloud, and the scalability of this platform. This overall maturity and the cost benefits, enabled new use cases to be envisioned. Today, we are ok with sharing our heart beat with technology companies, and as operators of manufacturing plants ready to share sensor heart beats (and data) with platform vendors, securely, in the hope that it will help predict and prevent failures!

Argument is the same.

While the technologies we used in our patent pending innovation of 2017 were similar to what we see today, all of them have attained a higher level of maturity. Massively parallel multi player video games on virtual realities, GPU enhancement, web3, NFTs, collaboration stack, secure data shareability, avatars, robust decentralized data systems, advance networks, 5G speeds, AI generated personas and deep learning and the likes, lower cost of entry, all come together, to bring that “new brave world”, where we can exist in a parallel world – both professionally and personally.

Metaverse Component Model

The different components have come under an easier name to tell the concept to everyone. But,

“We were learnt the difference between a Metaverse vs metAverse Application!”

the hard way.

The less spoken magic word is maturity of technology and experience. Fast forward to today, these 2 may seem commonsense terms, considering the cycles of websites, apps, OSes, mobile devices, tablets that we have been through. But, come metaverse, we will be grappling with another maturity curve where this will be repeated.

Before 2017:

I have been leading mobile applications and its experiences over a variety of platform building applications for enterprise clients. Starting off with Symbian and Qt apps, I transitioned to Microsoft, Android, iOS app store world. This journey would roughly be like the below graph where we tried unifying technology for development but still had native platforms to competing to create rich apps. Soon, we had too many applications fighting for our constant attention. Enterprise users were struggling to find their apps amidst the BYOD era. Some had work and personal phones separated out to manage this distraction. Eventually, we needed a single phone but then people started asking application aggregation on phones to avoid noise and security. In a few years, we discovered new features that could be augmented in phones – Gamification (one of our earlier patent for mobile gamified experiences), Siri, Cortana, assistants, Augmented Reality, advanced sensors on phones and we had a gamut of deep applications which were irreplaceable. Most became fancy features, until we realized that Application augmentation needed to have an experience that is worth the recall or monitory value. Thus finally we started looking for the holy grail of experience continuum, where there is smooth handoff between new features and new devices from the existing.

Note: Meanwhile, gamers kept playing multi player games on all form factors 🙂

This realization perhaps gave me Experience Aversion towards ill conceived continuums. I believe that is what we have to understand in this new wave as well. Else, our rush to create metaverse experiences will rather become aversion for the same experiences we fondly construct, making it MetAverse!

Experience abstraction and designing the continuum..

My experience building the Field Services app was based on these learnings where we tried to segregate human experiences.

Sensory Experiences in general –

Visual, Audio, Olfactory (smell) and Tactile, Neural – how we are going to get augmented by these?

  1. Visual is easy – AR/VR/MR – By now, most of us have experienced this from 360 immersive videos to VR to AR to MR across various form factors and devices, tethered and untethered experiences.
  2. Audio – Aural AI – I still think this is much more powerful that what we have experienced so far. Why? I believe this is one of the only distractions that a human brain allows while doing another task – typing , walking, running etc. True multi tasking can be achieved when you are listening to something repetitive like classical music along with your work or something interesting like audio book while doing a chore like folding clothes. Much of my thoughts in this area has been inspired from the movie HER . At some point in future, AI agents like Siri and Alexa will break out of the existing imagination into much more pervasive systems.
  3. Olfactory and tactile – are touch and smell based systems – While not much used, this was researched and embedded into our demonstrations as fingerprint sensors, magnetic and electric vibrations to understand cloth textures remotely.
  4. Neural – using devices like Emotiv, sensors which could approximately understand human actions and emotions could one day help create better systems was what we had researched. We tried to create synthetic experiences based on actual experiences. While devices we had were quite evolving, our ideas were to understand inherent human behaviours during mundane, repeated tasks like electronics repair.

These design experiences had to be compared in the context of below 4 use case archetypes

  1. Product Design
  2. Maintenance Jobs
  3. Learning & Training Sessions
  4. End Customer Experience

for every single persona, be it design engineer/s in a product design team working on a CAD model OR a maintenance staff learning about part disassembly and assembly to build muscle memory OR a customer experiencing a custom dress before an in-store experience.

Put all of these together and you will get a matrix like the one below.

Such objective vision of subjective experiences, helped us understand which experiences are good during what phase. what may cause more distraction, helping us understand the VR and MR’s role in Designing products, Training employees whereas VR and AR’s relevance for (B2C) customer experiences.

I suggest a Metaverse enthusiast to really understand the nature of the application, personas and the human experiences really well to create meaningful experiences. The technology stack that define a metaverse application like VR, GPUs, networking devices, AI, web3 etc. will mature eventually to create that seamless continuum. This seamless continuum is a 3 Dimensional – Experience continuum, Application continuum and Technology continuum.

Words of Caution
In our pursuit to create a superior metaverse application which is not experience averse, we shouldn’t push our unsuspecting users into a dystopian hyperreality.

Trilok R | September 2022

Next: Industrial Metaverse, Digital Twin, Virtual Twin – Beyond the narrative..

Working with EHealth Sensor from Libelium

I have been meaning to try out the cooking hacks EHealth Sensor kit for sometime now. My first attempts didn’t go well thanks to the changing supporting libraries and my impatience browsing all forums!

e-Health Sensor Platform V2.0 for Arduino and Raspberry Pi [Biometric /  Medical Applications]

Though it was interesting, I was facing a lot of compilation issues since the version I had for the sensor, arduino and the libraries shared by cooking hacks makers were incompatible.

Off late with the second wave of covid, I started using the sensor again. So I thought why not give it a try again to get the data onto internet. This time of course, I was able to get the errors fixed with the below actions

  1. Arduino version – I had to delete my Arduino 1.8 version and move back to 1.0.6 old version.
  2. Refer to the link and pick up the right version for EHealth and PinChangeInt Libraries based on your time of purchase.

with the above two steps properly done, I was able to compile and upload my code correctly for Arduino Leonardo board.

Now comes the bad part! 😦

  1. ReadPulseOximeter() methods was not working! So the interrupt trigger was not working for some reason. I tried changing the pininterrupt library to the latest version. Somehow didn’t help.
  2. So I moved the code to Loop() and tried called the C++ method from here directly. While the device display showed the SP02 and BPM accurately, the data I got from the library on Arduino Serial monitor was highly inaccurate!!! I tried changing the libraries and the delay in the eHealth.cpp but with that didn’t change the accuracy of output. Al this while though the device showed proper readings on its native display. I believe it is somehow related to segToNumber method and the delay.
Serial monitor data

Source code is here (not much different from the existing source code) except for the direct call to Cpp library..

So what next?

-> Investigate the data accuracy issue by updating the Arduino library EHealth file, esp the segToNumber & the delay.

-> Interface the shield to Raspberry PI, use its libraries and see if the accuracy is better than Arduino libraries


Importance of a “right” SSL library while pushing a dev website with https to docker container- OpenSSL and LibreSSL

While working with IoT and website deployment and testing, we will be in need of certificates. We end up using OpenSSL to generate strong certificates (mostly Microsoft blogs will guide us on how to do that). Most of these blogs will guide us on how to get that done.

Recently working on a web deployment to IoT edge containers, I was trying to secure the website with a self signed certificate. It was working all fine locally. But strangely when deployed to container, the container starts and shuts down immediately.

After a bit of good old trouble shooting and isolating the problem, I realized that it works from my Windows machine and not Mac machine! to be specific when the certificates were generated from Mac container version of my website didn’t load. Why?

Windows had OpenSSL by default. Whereas my Mac had LibreSSL by default and the encryption on that didn’t help.

Face -palm moment..

“Ensure that you have proper libraries for SSL before you dockerize and copy certificates to your container.”

Though the blog shows that path, that is not ideal from a security standpoint. But I wanted to troubleshoot, why wouldn’t the Kestrel hosted website not work inside the container. So was trying to isolate the problem.

Code Nuggets –

Azure Stream Analytics to SQL Server – Isn’t that simple? or May be not..!

It is quite a known pattern to use Azure Stream Analytics (ASA) to create data pipelines to store ingress IoT data to an output location be it a SQL Server or EventHub or Azure Storage etc. This is all the more important when push ASA to the edge and use that as a data transformation and storage orchestration engine esp. with SQL Server on local on premises being used like a Historian. This seems to a straight-forward process but here comes a small catch and technical/product limitation of Azure. It took us a few precious hours to understand this aspect.

Short Answer (if you have scrolling like me):

“If you want to connect ASA with SQL server, ensure that you have a trusted CA certificate with proper certificate chain installed in the SQL server VM”.

For the patient ones who need the backstory 🙂 read along..

What were we doing?

We were trying to wire up an Azure IoT edge module with a SQL server on a VM! This seemed quite easy as per the documentation but I ended up with a curious certificate error.

As a troubleshooting step, I tried to create this on ASA on cloud and connect with the same SQL server on VM to rule out any Edge VM certificate issues. This should be quite quite simple if we follow this blog.

No big deal. So you thought.

But, I still got the famous certificate chain error.

So I started doing the below documented steps

Using Encryption Without Validation – SQL Server Native Client | Microsoft Docs

  1. Set Force Protocol Encryption Client Setting to Yes
  2.  For secure connectivity, ensure that the client and server both require encryption. Also ensure that the server has a verifiable certificate, and that the TrustServerCertificate setting on the client is set to FALSE.

Created self signed CA certificates and installed them as well. But then still the issue seems to be coming back and back.


Finally, we found out from Microsoft product team that we need proper CA certificates with certificate chain from well known authority to make ASA and SQL work together.

One requirement for SQL server on VM as output to work is that the SQL server needs to be configured with an SSL certificate issued by a trusted CA. There is no workaround with this. You can’t use a self signed certificate or use TrustServerCertificate=True and change SQL Server settings.

1- Regarding SSL Certificate – Make sure to use the DNS based FQDN for the CN. Here are the full requirements listed.

2- SSL Setup in the VM – Follow steps here. If using SQL 2016 , Also put the certificate’s thumbprint in the registry key mentioned in the “Wildcard Certificates” section. 

Now for me who is just doing a dev setup and doesn’t have the luxury of client CA certificates, there are quite limited options.

For IoT Edge, I used a custom .NET code with SQL DB client to communicate with SQL server VM using the TrustSeverCertificate = True flag in connection string for dev code until I get a CA cert.

But for Azure Stream Analytics PaaS service, we can’t enter connection string. So there is no way to enter TrustSeverCertificate=TRUE during development. Sure seems like a restriction.

One another way which is to use services like Let’s Encrypt and generate a chained certificate for your use temporarily. Something which I am yet to try. I think that should work.

If you have used that and worked, please let me know in the comments.

Back to Sensing, Streaming and Storing..

Kepware Server and Advanced Simulation from CSV files

Off late, I have been working with Industrial IoT projects with Kepware Server, Azure IoT Edge and IoT Hub. During one of those, there was an ask to use an excel file with hand crafted data to be used as input data source at the edge. While investigating options including writing custom module at the edge to read the excel and send row by row, I realized that Kepware Server can be used along with Advanced Simulator. Being a noob on Kepware this was quite a surprise.

As I started configuring this, it took sometime to get this up and running and definitely a few steps and caveats along the way. So I thought why not give the screenshots and walk you through the steps and configuration needed.

Before I got ahead thanks to my friend Akhila ( for troubleshooting and figuring out some of these specific roadblocks which a noob like me was trying to figure out from manuals.

Let’s us go ahead and deep dive into the Kepserver Ex and learn the specifics of using Advanced Simulator driver.

Simulator Setup

Let us create a new channel and set the type of the channel to be Advanced Simulator

Provide a useful/meaningful name to the channel and proceed.

Since we won’t be changing much of the default settings for this demo, let us leave the next pages as is and proceed.

Let us add the data source.. this is where csv is used. Click on the “Configure DSN” and Hit the Add Button on the right of the pop up window.

We need to select the driver for data source. We have an xls file with multiple columns. We converted that into a csv file, so we could use a Microsoft Text Driver (*.txt,*.csv).

Give a meaningful name to the data source and after that select the directory where you have stored your converted csv files, with columns having your simulated data. Ensure that your headings are meaningful as that become your tag values. Also, make sure it doesn’t have space between the text or leading spaces. That will make the tag reading erroneous.Use “Define Format” feature to select the columns and guess the tag rows. That will help you know if the file is being read correctly. If there are changes to delimiters and stuff we can give all those customizations here. We had a standard csv.

Click on Ok and we are done with the Data Source Name creation with the files specified in the folder.

Select the data source that just got created under the “Add Channel Wizard” and click Next.

Click “Finish” to complete adding the Channel.

We need to add device that can now read the files from the data source. Right Click on the Channel that got created previously and click on “New Device” to get started.

Setting up a device

Choose a meaningful name for the device and leave the next window as default in the wizard.

Setting the “Initial Updates from Cache” to “Enabled” helped us create those tag values automatically. Leave the Next wizard as default until choosing TableClick on the three dots and select the soecific csv for this device from the data source mapped earlier while setting up channel.

Specify the file read rate in the record selection interval. Please note that the time is milliseconds. Enable looping so that you get continuous stream of data once the cycle gets over. Please note that you need to repeat these steps for all the devices and its CSVs. but those devices timestamps may not be synchronized necessarily. it starts counting whenever it is setup and running.Click Finish and the device is successfully added, the driver should be able to “Generate” the TAG names from the column names. In case, the logs indicate an error as below, you may want to change OPC configuration settings to resolve it.

Ensure the user has administrator access on the Kepware so that he can access the kepware administration application as shown below. [It is accessible over the tray icon at the right bottom of the windows ]. Click on the “Settings” and Find and Navigate to the “Runtime Process” Tab. Change the selected mode to “Interactive”

Apply the settings and “Re-initialize” / Stop and Start the Kepware server instance.

The Tags should now be auto generated, and the simulator should be able to read the data from the files successfully.

This can now be pushed to either to the IoT Hub or Edge device to process it further!

Happy Simulations.. 🙂

Exporting SharePoint List template from one Microsoft Teams to another!

Happy 2020!

What I am going to document here might be straightforward for certain people but wasn’t obvious to me when I started doing a very silly List template copy in MS Teams. Hence this post!

As part of my work, I am in a Microsoft Teams, let me call it Team 1, where I have a SharePoint List, let me call it TrackerList, added as a tab. This list helps our team add certain requests with their details and attachments.

As you might be already aware, it is a simple task to add a new List as a tab – Link


Now, comes the interesting bit. I had to manage the same task in another Team, let us call it Team 2, where this same TrackerList’s template was needed. Since, I was not a SharePoint / Teams regular user, I was in a spot.

So, as usual, I started analysing the options.

OPTION 1: I started with this link from techcommunity.

  1. Go to the underlying SharePoint site for Teams in the Teams where my Original Tracker List was there.
  2. You will be taken to your SharePoint that drives your Teams. on the Site Navigation pane on the left side you can see your TrackerList file.
  3. Click on that to Open your SharePoint List, click on Export to Excel and save the query.iqy file.
  4. Open the file and Enable the data concern in the security pop up window as long as it is allowed in your machine (some firewalls and companies don’t allow this) and source of file is vetted.
  5. Now, you have the excel sheet with the data from SharePoint.
  6. Go to Table->Design-> Export the table to a SharePoint List.
  7. I gave the Link to my SharePoint that drives Teams2.
  8. I was able to use the Next and Finish to publish it with a New Unique name to that end point (provided I had access)
  9. Go to Team2’s SharePoint backend.
  10. Now, you can’t see that it in the site Navigation pane
  11. But you can see it in the Site Contents.
  12. You can try adding it to Site Navigation Pane using Edit.
  13. But after all this, you can’t see it in the below flow when you want to add this List as a tab to your Teams 2.
  14. Now, I don’t know why this happens. May be there is some meta which is needed. if you create a new List from this SharePoint base link, then it appears on Site Navigation by default and then comes in Add List as Tab workflow as well!

OPTION 2: Let me try create a new List from the import the freshly created List in the above option 1

How to achieve this?

  1. Create a New List Item but then I wasn’t able to copy it from a template!
  2. Dead End

Start over:

  1. Go to Site Contents instead
  2. Create a New List
  3. you get a new Window now where you are by default in your own Site and can see the different Lists created or imported from Option 1.
  4. you can choose to create a list from the previously exported Lists!
  5. Now go back and try to add this list in Teams 2.
  6. Oops. Doesn’t appear still

OPTION 3: Let me try now using the imported list in the Site Contents and somehow create a new List.

Instead the steps are actually too simple!

  1. Go to Site Contents instead
  2. Create a New List
  3. you get a new Window now where you are by default in your own Site and can see the different Lists created or imported from Option 1.
  4. you can choose to create a list from this – BUT DON’T as we saw in option 2 that doesn’t work
  5. you should scroll below to the other Teams, Team1 and the specific list you need will be there.
  6. Select whichever lists you need and click Create.
  7. Done – you will have the same template without the data created for you!

And, I am happy saving 2 hours copying templates and recreating them.

Now you may ask me a question what if my sample template and SharePoint List is in another Tenant!

I don’t have an answer for that yet. I somehow think Option 1 and Option 2 together should solve it, with some support from Microsoft end to say why MS Teams, Add SharePoint List is not showing the List added in that fashion. May be some metadata is missing when added like that.

Hope this helps!

Yours Half-brained,
Trilok R

Start Right

This weekend I decided to spend 30 minutes watching 3 TED videos I had bookmarked a while ago.

I thought I should summarize the points into this blog in a flow which makes sense to the time-pressed retards we are fast becoming!

In Short, for folks with just 5 minutes –  start-right with this 3 page ppt. Courtesy TED.


Video 1 spoke about Success through 8 points

Crisp and to the point – It would be hard to find anomalies to the above 8 points if you look at successful people in history.


Video 2 – To me success is about conveying the right ideas well so that people will listen. To speak and for others to stop, sit and take notice is a both a prerequisite and an after effect of success. The video below speaks about a few important things to be aware of while putting forth your thoughts in the open. Again crisp and clear.


Video 3 was all about Motivating people to work or achieve in the 21st century tasks which are not so mundane and far from the one goal, one approach traditional tasks. People are often required to innovate even in the day to day jobs they take care.  Old and a bit 2 buckets when it comes to motivating people yet it is a gold to bookmark and revisit.



Hope you would find some words of wisdom in these 3 short videos.



~Trilok R ~

Saving HTML5 Game State in WebView – Xamarin Android

We  were loading a HTML5 game into an Android webview (Webview renderer in Forms App to be specific – doesn’t matter though) in a Xamarin Forms application and we wanted to save the state of the game in our application.

That is, if the user was at level 5, exited the game or navigated to another page and came back, game shouldn’t start from beginning but from the same level or may be even the same points (as long as backend supports that).

Of course, it was difficult to get a direct sample on Xamarin to fix this issue but 2 sources helped us. We combined both to fix the issue.

  • Source 1 : How do we use Local Storage and cookies to save HTML5 games? – Link
  • Source 2: Using Android webview and storage – Link


Websites typically uses Local Storage to get this information stored and then share it with server when it loads (and not cookies).  Our reference was HTML5 Games Site – ). We used Chrome developer tools to see its local storage and information stored for levels while playing to understand the process. Well, we are all newbies in certain areas, of course. We realized that LocalStorage was leveraged and were able to manipulate levels from the developer tools view or SQLite browser (Local Storage file inside windows Locals).



We were able to save HTML5 games in Xamarin Forms Android WebView using local Storage. But, we haven’t implemented it yet on other platforms like iOS. My guess is that the steps should remain pretty much the same regardless of the platform. Given here is an Android sample.

Overall code is actually pretty less to make this working – the minimal code to save the level and points to local storage.

Control in the code below is your Android WebView control.

WebSettings settings = Control.Settings;
settings.DomStorageEnabled = true;
settings.DatabaseEnabled = true;
settings.JavaScriptEnabled = true;

string databasePath = this.Context.GetDir("database", FileCreationMode.Private).Path;
settings.DatabasePath = databasePath;


I would surely love to hear from you, if you have managed to achieve this in some other way, a better way.


~Trilok R~

The right pitch!

Having won a few high stake competitions in my company and elsewhere, I was planning to do an article on how I created most of those 10-15 mins pitches, with a ‘believable’ story telling to convey my ideas.

But before I could pen my thoughts, Scott Dadich, Editor in Chief of Wired, articulated it better than what I could have. He wrote in his editorial of Jun 2015, how he chose the cover story on Artificial Intelligence from a number of other pitches.

To rephrase what he said in 7 points regarding selling of an incredible idea in a time when ideas are plenty and execution debatable.

  1. Firstly, imagine you are writing a one page pitch, under 500 words, for your cover story to an editor in chief. You are selling your story and he has that tough task of selecting the best one among a deluge of good material from people like you. Now, how would you go about it?
  2. Establish quickly why you are a Subject Matter Expert and why you know your story well inside out.
  3. What is unique in the story as compared to similar ones read or heard earlier – USP!
  4. Is this the future? Case in point where we are seeing some adoption points.
  5. Like a short story – A conflict between the current popular narrative and thought process and the story in hand – This is where the idea has to be elaborated and told how it works out.
  6. If this clicks, what is the impact that we are looking at.
  7. Applies only if you are selling your idea to someone else for a spot in the final story telling – How will you present it and what more could be in store – time and condition permits?

Now the above points have been made extremely (field) agnostic, from a technology parlance, so that it can be applied to a cover story you are writing, a technology business pitch you are selling to an audience judging you (something like shark tank 😉 ) or you are part of the deal team selling a multi year outsourcing project to a company with many competitors in the bidding process.

Ultimately, in my opinion, story telling is vital to every single individual irrespective of the field of practice we are in.

Would love to hear whether this helps you out to make your next brilliant pitch!


~ Trilok R. ~